Management Assignment on Management Planning and Practice Theory Assignment Help and in this assignment helper you will get answer of the following assignment: How does planning theory differ from the practice of planning? What is the major difference between public planning and private planning? List and discuss three theoretical approaches to the process of planning. Which approach do you feel is most effective for urban planners? Why? There is a significant gab between the planning practice and planning theory.
The major difference between planning and practice theory is that both are concerned with different communities of interest. Due to difference of interest, the aim of planning theory is different from the practice of planning theory. On the other hand, the planning theory does not include humanist philosophy like practice theory and it does not trace its implications for planning practice (Campbell & Fainstein, 2003). Due to this, planning theory and practice of planning distinguishes to each other. At the same time, assignment helper stated that practice of planning includes some real constraints such as complexity, scale and time in contrast planning theory does not include all of these elements.
This difference between both theories creates considerable discrimination between theory and practice of planning. In addition, the constructor of planning theory and its practice are also different and due to this both theories are different in respect to societal, spatial and institutional division (Archibugi, 2008). The way through which theory developer transforms general knowledge and idea in the field of planning is also creating a difference between the planning and practice of planning theory. There is an observable gap exists between the public and private planning and the major difference between both planning is occurred due to the dissimilarity between their work ethics. In most situations, private planners do not follow the social and environmental consideration in order to increase profit margins to their developments and in contrast pubic planner considerably has some kind of trust factor (Horn, Mirowski & Stapleford, 2011).
It is because private planning is more individualistic in nature in comparison to the public planning. On the other hand, assignment help says that the way private as well as public planners think and perceive any situation also creates the significant difference between both plannings. The public planners are only emphasized on creating regulations and write legislation rather than developing new ideas to solve problems as well as to find-out the viable opportunities in order to improve environment. It is because the private planning does not contain realistic and futuristic aspects of public planning as private planners have planned procedures with the consideration of constraints (Albrechts & Mandelbaum, 2005). At the same time, private planning does not include the consideration of public needs like public planning. Due to this, private planning is easier in comparison to public planning as it must satisfy many different needs.
The three theoretical approaches to the process of planning are listed below:
- The Blank Slate Approach: Within this approach, planning is considered as a learning process through which one determines the current happening in communities; it is the reasons as well as the factor that can deviate the planning process. It helps to identify and address the potential issues in an effective manner that may influence the planning process in future (Cherry, 2010).
- The Problem-Oriented Approach: This approach is an ideal way of the planning process that is emphasized to reduce risk and increase benefits of planning. The basis of this approach is to focus on particular problem or dissatisfaction with current conditions and trends due to which the need of planning arouse (Delforge, 2002). This approach is effective to mobilize the community support as it emphasizes on the current problem.
- The Asset-Based Planning Approach: This way is emphasized on planning issues with the consideration of communities’ assets and their qualities. In order to develop a special and unique place, this approach of planning process is positive as it not only considers the best for the community but also focuses on the optimal and valuable utilization of scarce resources (Kaufman, Rogers & Murray, 2011).
From the above approaches of planning process discussed by management assignment help experts, the asset-based planning approach is most effective for urban planners. In current scenario, resources are few that must be used effectively for urban planning in order to satisfy the needs of maximum people with the use of minimum resources. The blank slate approach does not consider the resource factor that limits its application in planning process. On the other hand, the problem-oriented approach is not proactive approach as it considers only narrower aspects of problems and issues. The reactive feature of this approach unable to solve the problem of urban planners as the problems of urban areas are so complex that must be identified in advance (Kaufman, Rogers & Murray, 2011). The betterment of urban society with the consideration of available resources and their capabilities are the two main objectives that integrate within the asset-based approach simultaneously (Agard, 2011). Due to above features; this approach more is considerable and effective for urban planners in comparison to a blank slate and problem-oriented approach.
Agard, K.A. (2011). Leadership in nonprofit organizations. USA: SAGE. Albrechts, L. & Mandelbaum, S.J. (2005). The network society: a new context for planning?. UK: Taylor & Francis. Archibugi, F. (2008)
Planning theory: from the political debate to the methodological reconstruction. USA: Springer. Campbell, S. & Fainstein, S.S. (2003) Readings in planning theory. 2nd ed.
Cornwall: Wiley-Blackwell. Cherry, C.M. (2010). The Worship Architect: A Blueprint for Designing Culturally Relevant and Biblically Faithful Services.
USA: Baker Academic. Delforge, G. (2002). Musculoskeletal trauma: implications for sports injury management. USA: Human Kinetics. Horn, R.V., Mirowski, P. & Stapleford, T.A. (2011).
Building Chicago Economics: New Perspectives on the History of America’s Most Powerful Economics Program.
UK: Cambridge University Press. Kaufman, M.M., Rogers, D.T. & Murray, K.S. (2011). Urban Watersheds: Geology, Contamination, and Sustainable Development. USA: CRC Press.
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